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Pa laws on reporting sex abuse

Pa laws on reporting sex abuse

What is a mandated reporter? Who is mandated to report abuse in PA? Anyone may report suspected abuse; mandated reporters are those people who are required by law to report suspected child abuse. Mandated reporters are held to a higher standard of responsibility and may receive serious consequences for not reporting suspected abuse. Effective December 31, , people in these positions are mandated to report child abuse: An emergency medical services provider certified by the Department of Health; An employee of a public library, who has direct contact with children in the course of employment; An individual supervised or managed by a person listed above who has direct contact with children in the course of their employment; and An independent contractor who has direct contact with children.

An attorney affiliated with an agency, institution, organization or other entity that is responsible for the care, supervision, guidance or control of children. How do I make a report of suspected abuse? When you suspect child abuse, the law requires you to immediately make an oral report of suspected child abuse via the Statewide toll-free telephone number ChildLine at The recent amendments to CPSL allows mandated reporters to make a written report online.

If you make an oral report to ChildLine you must follow-up with a written report, which may be submitted electronically, within 48 hours. For more about how to report suspected child abuse, click here. No, changes to CPSL now require that a mandated reporter must personally make the report.

Your supervisor may assist you in making the report for example, sit with you for support if you are uncomfortable in the process as long as they do not interfere in any way with the making of the report. Afterward, you should inform your supervisor or whoever is designated at your place of employment about the report.

Must I report the abuse, even if I am not sure what happened? You do not have to investigate or be certain of the abuse, or even know the name of the person who is suspected of abusing a child. Your responsibility is to make a report when you have reasonable cause to suspect child abuse. Learn more about the indicators of child abuse and neglect What happens after I make the report?

ChildLine forwards the report to the appropriate county child welfare agency, who investigates the circumstances. They may contact you for additional information or if they have questions. They conduct a safety and risk assessment and proceed with whatever action is needed to insure the safety of the children. They often offer services to families even if no abuse is present to help prevent future abuse.

What about retaliation by the person accused of abuse? The law requires the name of the mandated reporter to be kept confidential, and Children and Youth Services agents take that requirement VERY seriously. It is possible, however, that some parents will figure out where the report came from.

Fears of retaliation can, unfortunately, be justified. Reporters should rely on the organizational policies that are in place to handle any potentially angry or violent client.

Professionals have resources for protecting their safety; children who are abused often do not. What if I am wrong in my suspicions? Can somebody sue me? Can I lose my job? Mandated reporters are protected from liability for reporting, cooperating with investigations, and testifying in court as a result of the report, among other things.

As long as you make the report without malice with good intentions based on your suspicions , you cannot be sued or receive any adverse action from your employer. The good faith of a mandated reporter is assumed. Willful failure to report suspected abuse is a serious crime.

The first willful failure is considered a second-degree misdemeanor; if the child is found to be abused upon investigation, the willful failure to report is considered a first degree felony or higher, depending on the situation. Penalties increase if willful failure to report continues. For more information on failure to report, click here.

Am I required to be trained on how to spot child abuse and how to report it? New training requirements for mandated reporters were part of the amendments. In addition to required training for school employees and independent contractors enacted in , mandated reporters who hold a professional license or certification under the Department of State and mandated reports who work for an agency that is licensed, supervised or registered with the Department of Human Services are required to receive training.

Foster parents are also required to have regular training. Click here for details on training requirements. Does PFSA provide this training? We have been providing mandated reporter training for almost 20 years. Our training is approved by the Department of Human Services and Department of State and has been recognized as the leading curriculum for mandated reporter training.

We offer several formats and training experiences. Click here to learn more about our training options.

Free lesbian sex 18 and over

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Other punishments included public ostracism , shaving of the head, whipping , and castration. This conversion leads to a revision of the law to conform to those of Catholic countries. These revisions include provisions for the persecution of gays and Jews. This is the first European secular law to criminalize sodomy. The Sixteenth Council of Toledo issued a statement in response, which was adopted by Egica, stating that homosexual acts be punished by castration , exclusion from Communion , hair shearing, one hundred stripes of the lash, and banishment into exile.

Giovanni was well known as Rodolfo's lover and had relations with the king himself, a fact of which the king openly boasted. Pope Urban, however, didn't consider this as a decisive fact: Giovanni ruled as bishop for almost forty years, and Rodolfo continued to be well known and respected. The Council calls for the burning of individuals who perpetually commit sodomy. Women caught in same-sex acts could be mutilated and executed as well.

Order leaders are sentenced to death and burned at the stake on 18 March by Notre Dame. Edward II had a history of conflict with the nobility, who repeatedly banished his former lover Piers Gaveston , the Earl of Cornwall. He confessed he "had never had sexual intercourse, neither with his wife nor with any other woman, because he had never felt any carnal appetite, nor could he ever have an erection of his virile member".

The charge against them was same sex intercourse which was illegal and strenuously vilified in medieval Europe. One other couple still known by name from the 14th century were Giovanni Braganza and Nicoleto Marmagna of Venice. He was arrested in for cross-dressing and interrogated. The official decree blames her demotion on receiving visitors without her husband's permission and instructing her maids to sing mens' songs.

Yupanqui's general, Auqui Tatu, burned alive in public square all those for whom there was even circumstantial evidence of sodomy in [H]acari valley, threatening to burn down whole towns if anyone engaged in sodomy. In Chincha , Yupanqui burned alive large numbers, pulling down their houses and any trees they had planted. Sodomites were stoned, castrated, and burned.

Between and , more than 1, people were prosecuted for sodomy. An increase is made in the severity of the crime equating to treason or heresy, and the amount of evidence required for conviction is lowered, with torture permitted to extract confession.

The property of the defendant is also confiscated. Both had female partners. Wojciech, considered in public opinion as a woman, was burned for 'crimes against nature'.

Hammon was under 16 and not prosecuted.

Man beaten after consensul sex winnipeg

Man beaten after consensul sex winnipeg

LinkedIn On Monday, the year-old girl got up in the morning and went, as usual, to her high school in Winnipeg. So she chose not to attend court when year-old Justin Hudson pleaded guilty to the aggravated sexual assault that nearly killed her one year ago. The teen, who can no longer be named because of a publication ban, miraculously survived the attack and has become a powerful advocate for indigenous women. I was so scared of what would happen if we saw him, like I would just start crying.

He almost took [her] from us. These men were not human. Winnipeg man pleads guilty to aggravated assault in high-profile rape case where victim was thrown in river The court heard that Hudson and another man, who cannot be named because he was a teenager at the time of the attack, initially planned to rob the girl when they found her walking on a footpath along the Assiniboine River on Nov.

The girl fought back until she lost consciousness. Eventually, she was thrown into the icy waters below. She emerged about metres downstream, crawling up onto a snowy bank only to find her assailants waiting. She was assaulted again. This time the men attacked her with a hammer. They removed her clothes and stole her jacket and sneakers. The pair went on that night to find and sexually assault another victim, a year-old aboriginal woman whose identity is also protected under the publication ban.

When his mother asked questions, he pulled the laces out and washed them. The other accused has yet to enter a plea. Hudson is the fourth of eight children. He was raised by his aunt and was in and out of foster care. He reconnected with his mother as an adult and had been living at her home. Postmedia Network His teenaged victim and her family have come back from many challenges in rebuilding their lives in the past months.

When her high school deemed her no longer eligible, she was forced to start her Grade 12 year at a new school. I made the choice to return to school just two weeks later. And last year even though I spent weeks in the hospital and was still hurting a lot, I graduated Grade 11 with all of my credits. She is still recovering physically, scheduled for her second surgery this Friday, for wounds sustained during the attack.

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My writing focuses on delivering stories that will satisfy my reader's fantasies, as well as my own. Many if not all of my stories have a romantic edge to them. It's as great a turn on for me to write as it is to read. I enjoy the exchange of ideas with others be it in conversation, or through reading their stories, or they reading mine. I love it when people comment on my stories as it gives me an insight into what their thoughts, likes, and dislikes are. I will always comment on a story I read.

It is a way of thanking the author for their hard work. In my time on Lush I have met some wonderful, exciting people. I am amazed by the quality of the writing of many of you. I am by nature an educator so being a moderator permits me to help budding authors hone their skills and get published. More and more, I am editing stories for various people so feel free to ask. The worst I would say is no as I am increasingly busy.

I am in a relationship with the beautiful TonyaL. It is an honor that she accepted to be with me as a partner, a friend, and she is my love. I wish that you respect our relationship as I will respect yours. Feel free to post on my wall however keep it to sensual photos, and funny ones are appreciated. Please no couple pictures.

Those are for Tonya to post. I will delete any that I deem inappropriate. I love and respect all, women as well as men. Nonjudgmental in that I respect everyone's opinion and lifestyle, even if I do not necessarily agree with it. Feel free to private message me. I often show as being on-line when I am away. Do not be offended. I will get back to you as soon as I can. Note, however, that I dislike time wasters which I define as those who want to chat and have nothing to say or offer.

Please respect that communication is not one way but a matter of exchanging thoughts and experiences. Should you have a similar philosophy please feel free to send me a friend request. A sexy love story. A tale of cheating. A cougar discovers herself.

Prostate enlarged symptoms and sex

Prostate enlarged symptoms and sex

October 17, November 2, Whether or not sex is good for prostate problems is a question many men wonder. But they rarely vocalize their concerns. A taboo still exists around sexual activity. Talking about sexual activity is still relatively uncommon amongst older men. But the prostate plays an active role during sexual activity. The effect regular ejaculations have on the prostate should become a major talking point, especially amongst men who are experiencing prostate problems.

You are All Set! Please enter valid email address sign up sign up The general consensus is that sex is beneficial for prostate health. Frequent sexual activity may reduce the chance of prostate cancer or other prostate problems developing. However, there are studies that have been conducted which suggest that a high level of sexual activity, especially during younger years, may increase your risk of developing prostate cancer. So the question remains: And if it is, how much sexual activity is enough?

Is there such a thing as too much? Sexual Activity and Its Effect on Prostate Health Experts suggest that in addition to clearing toxins through ejaculation, sex may also reduce the development of tiny crystals that are associated with some cancers. Sexual activity also reduces stress. It calms the central nervous system, which may reduce cancer cell division and growth. These measured ejaculations included sexual intercourse, nocturnal emissions, and masturbation.

Researchers evaluated nearly 30, health professionals, of whom 1, developed prostate cancer. Assuming the men answered the survey questions honestly, the results indicated that an active sex life is not associated with a higher cancer risk in most men Leitzmann Please enter valid email address sign up sign up An Australian study of 2, men also came to a similar conclusion. This study found that men who averaged 4. The study found no connection between prostate cancer and the number of sex partners.

An earlier study, however, found that men who had sex with 30 or more women were two to three times more likely to develop prostate cancer than men with only one partner. University of Nottingham Study A University of Nottingham-Medical School study also attempted to address whether sex is good for the prostate. However, the same study also found that men who are highly sexually active more than 20 times per month in their 20s and 30s are more likely to develop prostate cancer, especially if they masturbate often.

The investigators evaluated the sexual practices of more than men who had been diagnosed with prostate cancer before age 60, and cancer-free controls. Men with prostate cancer also were more likely to have had an STD than those who were cancer-free. This infection is sometimes caused by a sexually transmitted disease STD.

If you have an STD, you should definitely avoid unprotected sex until you see your doctor and are treated for the infection. Overall, regular safe sexual activity seems to be healthy for the prostate and for prostatitis. If you are receiving treatment for prostatitis with antibiotics, it is recommended that you ejaculate two to three times a week.

Please enter valid email address sign up sign up Some men experience pain during or after ejaculation that interferes with sexual enjoyment until they get prostatitis symptoms under control. If this happens to you, you should communicate openly with your partner to find ways to have sex that is mutually satisfying.

If you involve your partner in your prostatitis treatment program, sexual challenges can be easier to handle. Other Benefits Sex can also have benefits for prostate health in a number of other ways.

Apart from the potential decrease in risk of prostate cancer, sexual activity helps to maintain erectile function and healthy penile tissue. Lack of frequent sex can result in penile shortening, in the absence of consistent nocturnal erections, which can cause and contribute to self-esteem issues and lead to further erectile dysfunction problems.

Overall, regular safe sexual activity seems to be healthy for the prostate and have benefits for a range of prostate problems. Some prostatitis symptoms can be relieved by regular sexual activity and, in older men, regular ejaculation has protective effects against prostate cancer. In fact, a higher frequency of ejaculation is associated with a decreased risk of developing prostate cancer. So to answer the question of whether sex is good for prostate health, the answer appears to be yes.

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Registered sex offenders in delaware ohio

Registered sex offenders in delaware ohio

Please contact each agency by clicking on the provided links: Please contact them directly for detailed information regarding their services. Codified Ordinances of the City of Powell: Delaware Common Pleas Court: Domestic Relations Court oversees all matters related to divorce, dissolution of marriage and child custody.

The Probate Court oversees wills, estates and guardianships. The Sex Offender Registry is a state-of-the-art electronic sex offender registration and notification program designed to help Ohioans protect their families and communities.

The Federal Trade Commission is the only federal agency with both consumer protection and competition jurisdiction in broad sectors of the economy. Official site for current information on Missing and Exploited Children. Search for missing children, view wanted posters and submit child sightings.

Statistics show that the first three hours after an abduction are the most critical in recovery efforts. First, Attorney General Rogers is the lawyer for the State of Ohio and its departments, boards and agencies. This office represents the legal interests of the state, provides legal advice when requested by its clients, engages in litigation on behalf of the state and defends the state when it is sued.

The Attorney General is responsible for the collection of debts owed to the state. Second, the office has enforcement authority in areas as empowered by the General Assembly. These areas include consumer protection, charitable solicitation, antitrust actions and organized crime. Finally, the office works with local law enforcement agencies at their request and provides criminal justice support services through the Bureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation; peace officer training through the Ohio Peace Officer Training Commission; and task force participation through Ohio Organized Crime Investigations Commission.

Occasionally, at the invitation of local prosecutors, attorneys with the office will serve as special prosecutors in criminal cases. Click here for information on Online Consumer Complaints. Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles: The Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles , which oversees driver and motor vehicle licensing and registration, continues to make services more convenient, efficient and cost-effective.

The Next of Kin Registry is available through the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles to anyone who holds a valid Ohio Driver License, Commercial Driver License, Temporary Instruction Permit or Identification to Assist Law Enforcement in notifying the listed individual s in the event the licensed individual is killed or seriously injured, or rendered unconscious and unable to communicate. Providing this information is optional, and information provided will be used by Law Enforcement and BMV personnel only.

Click on the link for more information or to register. Ohio Department of Public Safety: The Ohio Department of Public Safety is proud to serve and protect the safety and security of Ohioans through eight divisions:

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The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Pers Relatsh See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Qualitative interviews were conducted in as part of the Pathways to Marriage study.

The authors analyzed the data in a collaborative fashion and utilized content analyses to explore the relationships in the data which were derived from qualitative interviews with the men. Findings on the reasons for the disproportionality of singlehood among Black women reflected these four themes: Recommendations for future research are discussed. Furthermore, 7 out of 10 Black women are unmarried and 3 out of 10 may never marry Banks, Thus, the disproportionate number of Black women who are single has been well-documented.

This demographic pattern is so noticeable, that it has even received considerable attention from popular media e. Among those desiring to marry, scholars have identified barriers related to economic instabilities, challenges that undermine long-term relationship success e.

Other work suggests that some women are happy to remain unmarried, given their uncertainties about the permanency of marriage or their desire to concentrate on their professional lives e. Boyd-Franklin and Franklin have counseled Black women in clinical settings on these issues. They have noted that Black women are frequently provided with conflicting messages about intimate relationships by elders in their families and communities.

Boyd-Franklin and Franklin wrote: One is a message of independence e. Though prior work has sampled Black women to learn more about reasons for remaining single, very few studies consider the perspectives of married Black men.

We focused on the opinions of these men for three reasons. To respond to our inquiry, the men in the present study offered opinions about relationships by reflecting on their own dating and marital histories, as well as their observations of intimate ties in their families and communities.

We obtained perspectives from men who value marriage, as evidenced by their commitment to enrolling in and completing a marriage enrichment program. From this perspective, obtaining the opinions of married men is particularly important since men traditionally initiate marriage proposals. Children raised in marriage-based households also exhibit more favorable developmental outcomes over time Blackman et al. Given that stable, satisfying marriages have been associated with positive outcomes e.

Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore reasons that Black women are disproportionately single; we explore those reasons using the perspectives of 52 married Black men. Married Black men offer a unique perspective on this important demographic trend in our country. Very few studies of relationships include the opinions and voices of men, particularly Black men.

In this respect, this investigation makes an important contribution to the literature. Next, we outline relevant literature concerning the influence of macro-level e. Background The Mundane Environmental Stress Model served as a conceptual guide to help elucidate the processes by which structural factors may impact intimate relationships.

Another comparable framework—the Vulnerability-Stress-Adaptation Model—is a useful tool for understanding factors that could explain non-marriage among Black women. The model emphasizes three components—stressful events e. Next, we discuss empirical work on the impact of education, employment, sex ratio, and incarceration on relationships. Particularly among men, as incomes rise and jobs become more secure, the probability of marriage increases Gibson-Davis et al.

Though marriage is delayed when Black men pursue postsecondary education, the probability of marriage increases Marks et al.

Among Black men, scholars have noted a decline in well-paying jobs, and consequentially, a rise in unemployment and underemployment Browning, ; Marks et al. Ethnographic work has highlighted how compromised educational and economic opportunities, as well as perceived loss of freedom, undermined the likelihood that men will marry Anderson, Dickson noted that women are encouraged to pursue education, secure employment, and be self-reliant in communities where there is a shortage of marriageable men, as in the Black community.

Black women have traditionally worked in the labor force to help sustain their families, but over time, they have become even more independent and less likely to marry solely for financial support Hill, ; Jones, ; Taylor et al. Available Black females outnumber Black males as a result of mortality, morbidity, and imprisonment among Black males and increased longevity for Black females Lane et al. The availability of mates in the marriage market affects the likelihood of marital formation and longevity Hopkins-Williams, Despite considerable attention to macro-level influences that impact Black unions, only a fraction of the variations in relationship patterns can be attributed to structural factors such as employment, education, sex ratio, and incarceration Cherlin, ; Wilson, We review these two relationship dynamics next.

Gender Relations Research suggests that slavery in the U. Enslaved Black men were customarily removed from their families and communities, and thus, their function in family life was often more biological than social or financial Boyd-Franklin, ; Franklin, ; Staples, Slavery conditions may have significantly undermined the formation of permanent unions and the leadership roles of Black men in their families Pinderhughes, Given the marginal roles relegated to Black men within their families and the history of strained gender relations that may be attributable to harsh slavery conditions, communication challenges and confusion about gender roles between Black men and women developed Franklin, ; Hatchett, ; Pinderhughes, This confusion in the gender roles between Black men and women can be traced to fluidity in gender roles between the two genders; gender roles were flexible out of economic necessity.

Relational challenges, negative orientations and attitudes, and difficult interactional styles between Black men and Black women were passed on to younger generations through socialization Boyd-Franklin, ; Browning, ; Johnson, Franklin offers an illustration of how conflicting sex roles may operate: In addition, the spirit of independence and a sense of personal rights among Black women, which developed out of the necessity for coping with persistent inequality, may strain couple relationships between Black men and Black women Hill, ; Johnson, In addition to gender relations, another micro-level factor to consider relates to interpersonal trust, which we address next.

Having considered macro-level and micro-level factors that impact Black relationships, we now turn our attention to the rationale for this study.

Study Purpose Few investigations of relationships have adopted a within-group analysis approach and focused exclusively on Black men. There are gaps in the literature on Black men, particularly with regard to type of samples and kind of methodologies employed. Much of the research in this area has employed quantitative methodology with larger samples, and has focused on the influential role of education, employment, intermarriage, and nonmarital childbearing on marital behavior.

Several qualitative studies have been conducted but have primarily used samples of women or couples e. No study of which we are aware has sought the perspective of married Black men to better understand why a disproportionate number of Black women are single.

Although Black women may offer the best insight on these experiences, we interviewed Black men to capture their unique perspectives on the issues.

Therefore, we believe that the results of this study add to the literature. We felt that a qualitative inquiry could provide a richer understanding of these issues elucidated by Black men than had been obtained using survey measurements in quantitative studies. The purpose of ProSAAM was to examine the role of prayer and skill-based intervention in strengthening African American marital relationships. The sample was recruited from metropolitan Atlanta and northeast Georgia through referrals and advertisements at churches, community centers, radio shows, print media, and local businesses frequented by Black couples and families for more details, visit http: Of the couples who participated in ProSAAM, husbands had completed their three-year follow-up assessment by December 1, , marking their completion of the larger ProSAAM study and were thus eligible for participation in the present study called Pathways to Marriage.

Fifty-two men consented to participate. The men were enrolled on a first-come, first-served basis. Sample A brief survey was administered to the participants to collect demographic information.

The mean age for the study participants was 43 range 27— All men reported their race as Black; one man identified himself as a Cuban American while all the others self-identified as African American. Black was used to describe the race of the sample in order to include ethnicities such as Cuban American and African American.

All of the men were married. Most men fathered two biological children range 0 —7. Most men reported living in a home with two children range 0 — 3. This sample of Black men recalled being romantically involved including dating and marriage with their wives for 16 years on average range 3 — 41 years; one participant gave no response. Seventy-three percent of the men had not been married previously. The average length of their current marriage was 14 years range 2 — Procedures The 52 men were interviewed in their homes or another setting of their choice e.

The interviews were semi-structured, and were the primary method of data collection. Each interviewee was assured anonymity and strict confidentiality of the data collected. Two married Black male interviewers conducted the interviews between January and April The men were asked about the meaning of marriage, marital socialization, their motivations for marrying and staying married, factors that helped to encourage and sustain marriage, barriers to or challenges in staying married, commitment attitudes, and their participation in ProSAAM Hurt, For these analyses, we examined the advice men provided regarding the disproportionate number of Black women who are single.

The two interviewers digitally recorded each interview, and the recordings were electronically submitted to a transcriber. Undergraduate research interns listened to the digital recordings and read the transcripts simultaneously to verify complete transcription since the transcriber was not a member of the research team Carlson, The interview transcripts were used for the data analyses.

The two interviewers underwent extensive training with the first author, learning interviewing techniques and the ethical collection and handling of interview data. The interviewers also listened to eligibility requirements for the men's participation.

The men must have been 1 married, 2 self-identified their ethnicity as African American or been married to an African American spouse, 3 took part in ProSAAM, and 4 completed their 3-year follow-up interview.

The first author also reviewed study goals, the interview protocol, and the background for each question with the interviewers. When the interviewers sensed that the men could say more about their experiences and offer a more detailed account of their perspectives or experiences during the interviews, they frequently encouraged the interviewee to talk more specifically about the issue. In such instances, the interviewer often relied on non-verbal cues and other observations of the manner in which the respondent answered the question.

The interviewers were trained to ask questions in an open-ended way so that the participants would share their opinions and experiences more fully. The interviewers followed a consistent line of questioning and only probed where necessary. This style of interviewing permitted a more holistic understanding of what the participants thought and felt about the issue under study.

Nonetheless, in light of the more individualized nature of qualitative inquiry and the semi-structured method of interviewing, the interviewers adapted their line of questioning with the men, re-articulating questions or phrasing them differently to ensure the participants understood what was being asked. Communication between the first author and the interviewers was maintained throughout the 4-month data collection process. The interviewers met semi-monthly in person with the research team and communicated weekly with the first author about their progress in the field.

Through in-person meetings, emails, phone conversations, and documented reflections on the digital recorders, the interviewers reported important themes and impressions from their field observations. The research team regularly checked the interview recordings to make certain that the interviewers were following the interview protocol in their lines of inquiry and were practicing effective interviewing techniques.

During the analysis phase, the authors shared the following demographic characteristics: This group included four Black women and one White woman. The team of authors analyzed the interview data in a collaborative way.





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